Amira M Embaby has completed her PhD from Alexandria University - Institute of Graduate Studies and Research (IGSR) and Postdoctoral study from Greifswald University, Germany in 2013. She is a Lecturer in the Institute of Graduate Studies and Research (IGSR)-Alexandria University. She published seven papers. She has been serving as a reviewer in some journals such as Biochemical Engineering Journal, African Series Journals and others.
The remarkable decrease in the global reserve from fossil fuel along with the continuous increasing demand accompanying massive motors technologies addressed the urgent need for sustainable and renewable energy resources. In this context, present research highlights a low cost effective rapid and environmentally eco-friendly approach to produce biodiesel from an isolated oleaginous bacterium. MALDI-TOF–MS (Mass Assistant Laser Desorption Ionization - time of flight-mass spectrometry) analysis and molecular identification through 16S rDNA technique taxonomically designated this bacterium as Sphingomonas sp. EGY1 DSM 29616. One variable at a time approach (OVAT) was anticipated to delimit key determinants provoking significant influence on total lipid productivity from this bacterium. Data revealed that cheese whey upon its addition to mineral medium was the most preferable waste among seven tested agro-industrial wastes directing cell machinery towards achieving perceivable levels of accumulated total lipids. Ingredients of mineral medium had either significant inhibitory impact at P<0.01 (e.g., yeast extract) or non-significant influence at P>0.05 (e.g., (NH4)2SO4, KH2PO4 and MgSO4). On top and above, cheese whey solo does satisfy the nutritional requirements of the bacterium not only from carbon and nitrogen but also from mineral salts. As a consequence, the formulated medium prompting total lipid production contained only cheese whey (25%v/v) in distilled water. Furthermore, optimal conditions favoring lipid production (430 mg/L) were cheese whey based - distilled water medium, pH 7.0 at 30oC at 150 rpm, 10%(v/v) inoculum size and 36 hrs incubation time. Fourier Transform Infra-Red (FTIR) showed that the raw produced lipid had an almost quite similar pattern to that of Triolein standard (a typical triglyceride molecule). Lipid profile on Gas chromatography (GC) revealed the presence of appreciable levels of long chain C16-C18, mono-saturated fatty acids upon comparison with other fatty acids. Thin layer chromatography (TLC) revealed the presence of triglyceride – fatty acids in the raw produced lipid. MALDI-TOS – MS inferred the presence of both diglyceride fatty acids and triglyceride fatty acids. Promising characteristics of the present trans–esterified lipid along with the low cost effective rapid approach presented here in turn underpin the great potentiality of its utilization as renewable sustainable energy resource.
Anna Chizhayeva defended the Doctoral dissertation 13 years ago at the Al-Farabi Kazakh National University. She has published more than 40 papers. Her area of scientific interests is biology of lactic acid bacteria, probiotics, bacteriocins.
Fodder probiotic preparations allow improving the existing systems of cultivation and feeding of farm animals are an important component of modern rational feeding of animals. The advantage of the probiotics containing lactobacilli is their harmlessness for a macro organism at them is absent accustoming at the long use and by-effects. As a result of selection and screening of the most active strains of lactic acid bacteria (LAB), we created 2 consortia of lactobacilli for receiving a probiotic preparation for the feed additives intended to farm animals and a bird. Consortium Lactobacillus casei Lts 114 and Lb. fermentum Ls 129 is designed on the basis of the cultures allocated from the flour environment. Consortium Lb. acidophilus 4Sh1, Lb. fermentum 3sh1 and Lb. pontis 9K3 consists of the cultures allocated from koumiss and shubat. Both consortia possess the biocompatibility of strains among themselves expressed by antagonistic and acid-forming activity. The nutrient medium on the basis of whey and vegetable raw materials-wheat, peas, corn and buckwheat in the form of nanopowders (according to electronic microscopy the maintenance of nanoparticles in size 20-500 nanometers-20%) for cultivation of consortia is created. This nutrient medium provides high quantity of LAB cells-1012 CFU/ml and also increases antagonistic activity of consortia-diameter of zone growth inhibition of Bacillus subtilis ATCC 6633-33 mm. Parameters of deep cultivation of LAB consortia on the developed nutrient medium are determined and the technological modes of the probiotic production for feed additives are fulfilled.